1 Chronicles 10-22: Exploits of David

I know, we’ve covered most of this ground already so this is going to be a quick recap of most of 2 Samuel and some extras that weren’t an essential part of that story.

Chapter ten

This chapter recounts the events of 1 Samuel 31, when Saul takes his own life after losing a battle.

Chapter eleven

First, there is Israel acknowledging David as their king and then a little scuffle with Jebus over what became the city of David shortly after. There is a contest to see who would be commander and the winner is “Joab the son of Zeruiah”. I thought it was interesting that they again mention Zeruiah. I suppose this is to make it clear that this is David’s cousin. There was also the son of Maacah, Hanan, who is part of a list of David’s mighty men. They are listed and some even have exploits that are told about them like introductions.

Chapter twelve

There is an account of the men and where they came from that had fought for King David in the skirmishes that led up to his taking the throne and who came to celebrate his finally doing so.

The account is written differently because the one back in Second Samuel was more like a story, like if it were to be made into a movie. This one is more like the logistics ledger that accompanied them or the way the information would be delivered in a history class.

Chapter thirteen

This chapter matches up to and elaborates a bit on the story of the person who tried to catch the ark when the oxen stumbled back in 2 Samuel 6.

Chapter fourteen

More children of David’s are mentioned here and it’s specifically said that “fathered more sons and daughters”. There are a bunch of names that follow that passage, but I don’t know which could be which because I don’t quite get a clear naming pattern based on gender. But some were definitely daughters.

There’s also a recounting of the battles with the Philistines from the above link to 2 Samuel.

Chapter fifteen

The ark is brought back in to Jerusalem, as we know from above, but there were also people appointed to carry it (the Levites that we might remember from way back in Numbers but who weren’t carrying it during the ox stumbling incident) and there were people designated to play music. They are chronicled here.

It was also mentioned again that Michal saw David dancing around while he was happy about bringing the ark home but here it says she “despised him in her heart” when she saw him but makes no mention of actually rebuking him for it. Likewise, it did make obvious that she was not mentioned as one of his wives back in the genealogies, but we know that she had been his first wife from 1 Samuel and that she rebuked him from  2 Samuel 6. Of course, that same passage in 2 Samuel includes that she did not bear children on account of her rebuke, making it possible to erase her in the genealogy despite being David’s first wife and Saul’s daughter.

Chapter sixteen

There’s more instructions for music to the ark here and the text of a song of thanks that is attributed to David. Not sure if that’s because he wrote it or if it’s because he was the one that insisted it be played for the ark and before God.

It reads like a modern praise or worship song. The song is even followed with the statement that “then all the people said, ‘Amen!’ and praised the Lord.

Chapter seventeen

This chapter recounts David’s decision to finally build an actual house for the ark instead of leaving it at a tent at Obed-edom’s house. It also includes a prayer and David’s conversation with Nathan about it, just like in  2 Samuel 7

Chapter eighteen

Here again we get stories that we know but are told in a more dispassionate and history text book style with some logistical information that we didn’t have before.

Chapter nineteen

This chapter repeats the events, with some different but not contrary details from 2 Samuel 10

Chapter twenty

This chapter has another account of the battle at Rabbah, this time leaving out the events surrounding Bathsheba of 2 Samuel 11. It also includes a paragraph on them defeating the Philistine giants.

Chapter twenty one

The first line of this chapter has Satan in it. I believe it’s the first reference that I’ve seen to him. I even did a search and came up with a lot that comes after but nothing before. I’m not sure why the commander taking a census of the town is a satanic act, nor how him being so appalled by the order he was given that he was negligent in part of his duty is okay, but it’s written in a way that blames Satan for David wanting a census, the likes of which had been done several times in the history of the Israelites at God’s command, and then Joab leaving out two tribes from the count and giving David a hard time about having to do it.

I looked around a bit in my study bible and it says that this showed a lack of faith in God, which still doesn’t make any sense. The parallel telling of this story from 2 Samuel 24 has God telling David to do this because has anger was already “kindled” and He “incited” David to take the census. So which is it? God or Satan.

As in the old story, David realizes his error and attempts to make amends. God gives him a choice of penalties. Of course, the penalty hits Israel and not quite David. 70,000 “men of Israel” die. Not sure if that’s men who were Israelite, male fighters, or people of Israel that included women but the language takes the masculine when plural. Regardless, David lives despite being the one who brought this on them. He does seem to feel real regret for it and before God can do the next thing in his plan, which was to destroy Jerusalem, He stays the hand of the angel sent to do it. There’s even a part where David begs for God to punish him and his house but not everyone.

The rest recounts going to see the owner of the land where David was told to build an altar and insisting on paying full price for everything. You can’t take for free what you’re going to offer to God. It didn’t cost you anything and so it’s not a sacrifice.

Chapter links go to the ESV translations at Biblehub.com but I’m reading from the ESV Global Study Bible, which is available for free on the Kindle Reading App.

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