David did a lot during his time. Back in Samuel we read of a lot of his deeds and family drama but 1 Chronicles gives the bigger picture. In doing so, this book also records a bunch of the administrative things that he did to clean up practices and reassign duties now that the ark had a permanent home. The following chapters outline those administrative duties that were assigned and his installment of Solomon as his successor. The last part contradicts Samuel a bit, but I imagine that a deeper study of these books (which I may do one day) will reveal more about those possibilities.
Some new information comes about here that wasn’t in either book of Samuel. After he decides to build a house for God, but before it is built, David realizes that the rest of the tribe of Levi no longer have a purpose for moving the tabernacle and everything in battle since there is a more permanent home for it all. So he commissions them to help the sons of Aaron in the work that needs to be done in there. A count of Levi is done and a bit of a genealogy to get all this done.
Then he organizes the priests, the direct descendants of Aaron, in their duties according to house and father.
Three houses had been set aside for musicians and their duties organized according to house and father.
Next David set up the gatekeepers and the treasurers. There’s a enough detail in all the things that David has them as treasurer over to understand where all that gold from the house of the Lord that was given away in 2 Kings 18 came from.
There’s an account of the heads of the military divisions, each composed of 24,000 men. I found it interesting that each division is on call for one month, the same month every year, but only one. This is followed by a series of other duties within the kingdom and who or who’s house was appointed to carry out that duty.
David gathers everyone and announces that Solomon will be king after him. This is not how it goes down back in 1 Kings exactly, but the differing accounts are likely to change details, even big ones like who David told that Solomon was supposed to be his successor. Nevertheless, Solomon succeeds him and he gives some advice. This is a deathbed scene in 1 Kings and the advice he gives is concerning dealing with some people who still needed to be dealt with. Here it’s about the building of the house for God and that David had prepared everything for it since he wasn’t allowed to be the one to build it. In the 1 Kings, Solomon got all the provisions.
David does a lot more talking about how Solomon will follow him on the throne and what Solomon will do for God and the people before he dies. After all the times in Kings that it was mentioned one king or another had things mentioned about other places their exploits were chronicled in, Ithought this was interesting at the end of this one:
Now the acts of King David, from first to last, are written in the Chronicles of Samuel the seer, and in the Chronicles of y Nathan the prophet, and in the Chronicles of Gad the seer, with accounts of all his rule and his might and of the circumstances a that came upon him and upon Israel and upon all the kingdoms of the countries.