Looking back at Judges

Judges is about the downward spiral of Israel before their monarchy begins. It starts off like they might just make it passed some hiccups but even the judges themselves become progressively worse.

Notable Women

  1. Deborah, obviously. She is one of the better known women of the Bible. The whole of chapter five is a song dedicated to her.
  2. Jael, who put an end to Sisera as Deborah predicted.
  3.  Jephthah’s daughter, who allowed herself to be sacrificed because of her father’s oath
  4. Samson’s first wife who betrays his trust (not in a cheating way) and he seems to leave which prompts her father to give her to someone else.
  5. Delilah who is also a well known woman in the book and of the Bible as a whole. She’s responsible for making it possible for them to take down Samson. Gotta admit, though, I expected quite a bit more from him based on the notoriety of their story. Not as epic a guy (and not a particularly good one from what it looks like) and she was not an epic love. Disappointing.
  6. Micah’s mother who has a carved image made for him. No real punishment or negative thing appears to happen on account of this.
  7. The Levite’s concubine whose gruesome gang rape prompts the Israelites to decimate a town of their own people to eradicate that evil.
  8. The young women of Shiloh who are kidnapped by the young Benjamites that survived the slaughter of their many of their tribe in the attempt to eradicate the evil which prompted the rape of the above concubine.


Major Themes

The only real theme here is watching the Israelites get worse. At first, they only really seem to get leadership when things turn dire and then peace only stays until that leader dies. Then God doesn’t even bother raising a leader/judge anymore. He lets them get really bad at the end. I mean, some of them do the exact thing the Sodomites were erased from the earth for just wanting to do. It’s awful, but there is retribution.

Strictly Feminist

I have to admit that the response to the rape was pretty epic. I know what it says in Dueteronomy, but they seem to have stepped it up to match the nature of this incident. I’d like to think that it wasn’t every single male or every single person in those towns that did this to the woman, but they took out everyone just to be sure.

Deborah is honored in many churches as a great woman of wisdom. She is one of those women that get brought up any time there is a debate about women’s contributions. The rest of the book didn’t seem particularly pro or anti woman. I mean, Samson was not a nice guy or great to women, but I feel like his error there is pretty clear. I don’t appreciate that the story is so often used to justify that women are deceptive. It seemed like it was clear from the beginning that Delilah was not on his side and he didn’t have the self-control that is required to be a good person. His misogyny appears to have greatly contributed to his own downfall. The way they attained wives for Benjamin is deplorable, but the last line of the book really brought it home to me that the point of mentioning all this was to show just how and how far the people had declined. None of it is meant to be a justification for people oppressing women. The book is full of behavior so bad that God even tells them that He won’t save them anymore, He’s done at one point. He’s consulted during the war to purge the evil done to the concubine but not when it came to wives for Benjamin.

Chapter links go to the ESV translations at Biblehub.com but I’m reading from the ESV Global Study Bible, which is available for free on the Kindle Reading App.

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